# Equal contribution; * Corresponding author.

J. Xie, Z. Huo, X. Lu, Z. Feng, Z. Feng, Z. Zhang, W. Wang, Q. Yang, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, K. Liu, Z. Song, X. Xie, J. Liu* and X. Lu*

W. Wang#, G. Zhou#, W. Lin#, Z. Feng, Y. Wang, M. LiangZ. Zhang, M. Wu, L. Liu, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, W. Yang, G. Zhang, K. Liu, J. Gao, Y. Liu*, X. Xie, Z. Song* and X. Lu*

Physical Review Letters 132, 246501 (2024).
Highlighted by Editor's Suggestion / Cover Story

A. Ollier, M. Kisiel, X. Lu, U. Gysin, M. Poggio, D. K. Efetov, E. Meyer
Communications Physics 6, 344 (2023).

L. Li#, M. Wu#* and X. Lu*
Frontiers of Physics 18, 43401 (2023).
Invited Perspective

D. Thureja, A. Imamoglu, T. Smolenski, I. Amelio, A. Popert, T. Chervy, X. Lu, S. Liu, K. Barmak, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, D. J. Norris, M. Kroner, and P. A. Murthy

Nature 606, 298-304 (2022).

A. Jaoui*, I. Das, G. Di Battista, J. Díez-Mérida, X. Lu, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, H. Ishizuka, L. Levitov and D. K. Efetov* Nature Physics 18, 633-638 (2022).

Y. Zuo#, C. Liu#*, L. Ding#, R. Qiao#, J. Tian, C. Liu, Q. Wang, G. Xue, Y. You, Q. Guo, J. Wang, Y. Fu, K. Liu, X. Zhou, H. Hong, M. Wu, X. Lu, R. Yang, G. Zhang, D. Yu, E. Wang, X. Bai*, F. Ding* and K. Liu*
Nature Communications 13, 1007 (2022).


43. Competing zero-field Chern insulators in superconducting twisted bilayer graphene
P. Stepanov
*, M. Xie, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, X. Lu, A. H. MacDonald, B. A. Bernevig and D. K. Efetov*

Physical Review Letters 127, 197701 (2021).

42. Experimental evidence of plasmarons and effective fine structure constant in electron-doped graphene/h-BN heterostructure H. Zhang, S. Wang, E. Wang, X. Lu, Q. Li, C. Bao, K. Deng, HX. Zhang, W. Yao, G. Chen, A. V. Fedorov, J. D. Denlinger, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, G. Zhang and S. Zhou*
npj Quantum Materials 6, 83 (2021).

41. Multiple flat bands and topological Hofstadter butterfly in twisted bilayer graphene close to the second magic angle
X. Lu
#*, B. Lian#, G. Chaudhary#, B. A. Piot, G. Romagnoli, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. Poggio, A. H. MacDonald*, B. A. Bernevig and D. K. Efetov*

PNAS 118, 30 (2021).

40. Signatures of Wigner crystal of electrons in a monolayer semiconductor

T. Smolenski*, P. E. Dolgirev, C. Kuhlenkamp, A. Popert, Y. Shimazaki, P. Back, X. Lu, M. Kroner, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, I.Esterlis, E. Demler* and A. Imamoglu* Nature 595, 53–57 (2021).

Journal Club for Condensed Matter Physics : by Thierry Giamarchi;

ETH News;

39. Ultra-fast calorimetric measurements of the electronic heat capacity of graphene
M. A. Aamir
#, J. N. Moore#, X. Lu, P. Seifert, D. Englund, K. C. Fong and D. K. Efetov*

Nano Letters 12, 5330-5337 (2021).

38. Symmetry-broken Chern insulators and Rashba-like Landau-level crossings in magic-angle bilayer graphene
I. Das
#, X. Lu#*, J. Herzog-Arbeitman, Z.-D. Song, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, B. A. Bernevig and D. K. Efetov*

Nature Physics 17, 710-714 (2021).
News : PhysOrg;

37. Measuring local moiré lattice heterogeneity of twisted bilayer graphene
T. Benschop
#, T. de Jong#, P. Stepanov#, X. Lu, V. Stalman, S. J. van der Molen, D. K. Efetov and M. Allan*

Physical Review Research, 3, 013153 (2021).


36. Observation of flat bands in twisted bilayer graphene
S. Lisi
#, X. Lu#, T. Benschop#, T. de Jong#, P. Stepanov, J. R. Duran, F. Margot, I. Cucchi, E. Cappelli, A. Hunter, A. Tamai, V. Kandyba, A. Giampietri, A. Barinov, J. Jobst, V. Stalman, M. Leeuwenhoek, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, L. Rademaker, S. J. van der Molen,
M. Allan, D. K. Efetov and F. Baumberger*

Nature Physics, 17, 189-193 (2020).
News : PhysOrg;

35. Terahertz photogalvanics in twisted bilayer graphene close to the second magic angle
M. Otteneder
#, S. Hubmann#, X. Lu, D. A. Kozlov, L. E. Golub, T. Taniguchi, K. Wantanabe, D. K. Efetov and S. D. Ganichev*

Nano Letters 20, 10, 7152–7158 (2020).

34. Untying the insulating and superconducting orders in magic-angle graphene
P. Stepanov, I. Das, X. Lu, A. Fahimniya, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, F. H. L. Koppens, J. Lischner, L. Levitov and D. K. Efetov
Nature, 583, 375–378 (2020).

News : Nature; EurekAlert/AAAS;

33. High-order minibands and interband Landau level reconstruction in graphene moiré superlattice
X. Lu
#*, J. Tang#, J. R. Wallbank, S. Wang, C. Shen, S. Wu, P. Chen, W. Yang, J. Zhang, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, R. Yang, D. Shi, D. K. Efetov, V. I. Fal’ko and G. Zhang*

Physical Review B, 102, 045409 (2020).

32. Magic-angle bilayer graphene nanocalorimeters: toward broadband, energy-resolving single photon detection
P. Seifert, X. Lu, P. Stepanov, J. R. Durán Retamal, J. N. Moore, K.C. Fong, A. Principi and D. K. Efetov
Nano Letters, 5, 20, 3459-3064 (2020).

31. Nanoscale imaging and control of hBN defect single photon emitters by a resonant nano-antenna
N. Palombo Blascetta, M. Liebel, X. Lu, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, D. K. Efetov and N. F. van Hulst
Nano Letters, 3, 20, 1992-1999 (2020).

30. Vertical Integration of 2D Building Blocks forAll‐2D Electronics

J. Tang, Q. Wang, Z. Wei, C. Shen, X. Lu, S. Wang, Y. Zhao, J. Liu, N. Li, Y. Chu, J. Tian, F. Wu, W. Yang, C. He, R. Yang, D. Shi,

K. Watanabe, T.Taniguchi and G. Zhang*

Advanced Electronic Materials 6, 2000550 (2020).

29. Large-scale flexible and transparent electronics based on monolayer molybdenum disulfide field-effect transistors N. Li#, Q. Wang#, C. Shen, Z. Wei, H. Yu, J. Zhao, X.Lu, G. Wang, C. He, L. Xie, J. Zhu, L. Du, R. Yang, D. Shi and G. Zhang

Nature Electronics 3, 711 (2020).


28. Superconductors, orbital magnets, and correlated states in magic angle bilayer graphene
X. Lu, P. Stepanov, W. Yang, M. Xie, A. M. Ali, I. Das, C. Urgell, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, G. Zhang, A. Bachtold, A. MacDonald and

D. K. Efetov
Nature, 574, 653-657 (2019).
News : 
The New York TimesLe MondeLa VanguardiaPhysics Today;

27. Current-driven magnetization switching in a van der Waals ferromagnet Fe3GeTe2 X. Wang#, J. Tang#, X. Xia#, C. He, J. Zhang, Y. Liu, C. Wan, C. Fang, C. Guo, W. Yang, Y. Guang, X. Zhang, H. Xu, J. Wei, M. Liao,

X. Lu, J. Feng, X. Li, Y. Peng, H. Wei, R. Yang, D. Shi, X. Zhang, Z. Han*, Z, Zhang; Guangyu Zhang*, G. Yu* and Xiufeng Han

Science Advances 5, eaaw8904(2019). 26. Band evolution of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides under electric fields P. Chen, C. Cheng, C. Shen, J. Zhang, S. Wu, X. Lu, S. Wang, L. Du, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, J. Sun, R. Yang, D. Shi, K. Liu,

S. Meng and G. Zhang*

Applied Physics Letters 115, 083104 (2019). 25. New Floating Gate Memory with Excellent Retention Characteristics S. Wang, C. He, J. Tang, X. Lu, C. Shen, H. Yu, L. Du, J. Li, R. Yang, D. Shi and G. Zhang* Advanced Electronic Materials 5, 1800726 (2019).

2018 24. Landau Velocity for Collective Quantum Hall Breakdown in Bilayer Graphene W. Yang, H. Graef, X. Lu, G. Zhang, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, A. Bachtold, E. H. T. Teo, E. Baudin, E. Bocquillon, G. Feve,

J-M. Berroir, D. Carpentier, M. O. Goerbig and B. Placais*

Physical Review Letters 121, 136804 (2018).

23. Magnetotransport Properties of Graphene Nanoribbons with Zigzag Edges S. Wu#, B. Liu#, C. Shen, S. Li, X. Huang, X. Lu, P. Chen, G. Wang, D. Wang, M. Liao, J. Zhang, T. Zhang, S. Wang, W. Yang, R. Yang, D. Shi, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, Y. Yao, W. Wang, G. Zhang* Physical Review Letters 120,216601 (2018). 22. A graphene Zener-Klein transistor cooled by a hyperbolic substrate W. Yang, S. Berthou, X. Lu, Q. Wilmart, A. Denis, M. Rosticher, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, G. Fève, J. Berroir, G. Zhang, C. Voisin,

E. Baudin and B.Plaçais* Nature Nanotechnology 13, 47-52 (2018).

2017 21. Modulating PL and electronic structures of MoS2/graphene heterostructures via interlayer twisting angle L. Du, H. Yu, M. Liao, S. Wang, L. Xie, X. Lu, J. Zhu, N. Li, C. Shen, P. Chen, R. Yang, D. Shi* and G. Zhang* Applied Physics Letters 111, 263106 (2017). 20. Argon Plasma Induced Phase Transition in Monolayer MoS2 J. Zhu, Z. Wang, H. Yu, N. Li, J. Zhang, J. Meng, M. Liao, J. Zhao, X. Lu, L. Du, R. Yang, D. Shi, Y. Jiang* and G. Zhang* Journal of the American Chemical Society 139, 10216 (2019). 19. Graphene-Contacted Ultrashort Channel Monolayer MoS2 Transistors L. Xie, M. Liao, S. Wang, H. Yu, L. Du, J. Tang, J. Zhao, J. Zhang, P. Chen, X. Lu, G. Wang, G. Xie, R. Yang, D. Shi and G. Zhang* Advanced Materials 29, 1702522 (2017). 18. A facile and efficient dry transfer technique for two-dimensional Van der Waals heterostructure L. Xie, L. Du, X. Lu, R. Yang*, D. Shi and G. Zhang* Chinese Physics B 26, 87306 (2017). 2016

17. Electronic structure of transferred graphene/h-BN van der Waals heterostructures with nonzero stacking angles by nano-ARPES

E. Wang, G. Chen, G. Wan, X. Lu, C. Chen, J. Avila, A. V Fedorov, G. Zhang; M. C Asensio, Y. Zhang and S. Zhou* Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 28, 444002 (2016). 16. The Effect of Twin Grain Boundary Tuned by Temperature on the Electrical Transport Properties of Monolayer MoS2

L. Du, H. Yu, L. Xie, S. Wu, S. Wang, X. Lu, M. Liao, J. Meng, J. Zhao, J. Zhang, J. Zhu, P. Chen, G. Wang, R. Yang, D. Shi and

G. Zhang*

Crystals 6, 115 (2016). 15. Patterning monolayer graphene with zigzag edges on hexagonal boron nitride by anisotropic etching G. Wang, S. Wu, T. Zhang, P. Chen, X. Lu, S. Wang, D. Wang, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, D. Shi, R. Yang* and G. Zhang* Applied Physics Letters 109, 053101 (2016). 14. Rolling Up a Monolayer MoS2 Sheet J. Meng, G. Wang, X. Li, X. Lu, J. Zhang, H. Yu, W. Chen, L. Du, M. Liao, J. Zhao, P. Chen, J. Zhu, X. Bai, D. Shi* and G. Zhang* Small, 28, 3770 (2016). 13. Thermally Induced Graphene Rotation on Hexagonal Boron Nitride D. Wang, G. Chen, C. Li, M. Cheng, W. Yang, S. Wu, G. Xie, J. Zhang, J. Zhao, X. Lu, P. Chen, G. Wang, J. Meng, J. Tang, R. Yang,

C. He, D. Liu, D. Shi, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, J. Feng, Y. Zhang and G. Zhang* Physical Review Letters 116, 126101 (2016). 12. Graphene nanoribbons epitaxy on boron nitride X. Lu, W. Yang, S. Wang, S. Wu, P. Chen, J. Zhang, J. Zhao, J. Meng, G. Xie, D. Wang, G. Wang, T. Zhang, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, R. Yang, D. Shi and G. Zhang* Applied Physics Letters 108, 113103 (2016). 11. Hofstadter Butterfly and Many-Body Effects in Epitaxial Graphene Superlattice W. Yang, X. Lu, G. Chen, S. Wu, G. Xie, M. Cheng, D. Wang, R. Yang, D. Shi, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, C. Voisin, B. Placais,

Y. Zhang and G. Zhang* Nano Letters 16, 2387 (2016). 10. Gaps induced by inversion symmetry breaking and second-generation Dirac cones in graphene/hexagonal boron nitride E. Wang#, X. Lu#, S. Ding, W. Yao, M. Yan, G. Wan, K. Deng, S. Wang, G. Chen, L. Ma, J. Jung, A. V Fedorov, Y. Zhang, G. Zhang and S. Zhou* Nature Physics 12, 1111 (2016). 9. Observation of Strong Interlayer Coupling in MoS2/WS2 Heterostructures J. Zhang, J. Wang, P. Chen, Y. Sun, S. Wu, Z. Jia, X. Lu, H. Yu, W. Chen, J. Zhu, G. Xie, R. Yang, D. Shi*, X. Xu, J. Xiang, K. Liu and G. Zhang* Advanced Materials 28, 1950 (2016). 8. Switchable friction enabled by nanoscale self-assembly on graphene

P. Gallagher, M. Lee, F. Amet, P. Maksymovych, J. Wang, S. Wang, X. Lu, G. Zhang, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi and D. Goldhaber-

Gordon* Nature Communications 7,10745 (2016). 7. Gate tunable WSe2–BP van der Waals heterojunction devices P. Chen, T. Zhang, J. zhang, J. Xiang; H. Yu, S. Wu, X. Lu, G. Wang, F. Wen, Z. Liu, R. Yang, D. Shi, G. Zhang* Nanoscale 8, 3254 (2016).

2015 6. Noise in Graphene Superlattices Grown on Hexagonal Boron Nitride X. Li#, X. Lu#, T. Li, W. Yang, J. Fang, G. Zhang and Y. Wu*; ACS Nano 9, 11382 (2015).

5. Gate tunable MoS2–black phosphorus heterojunction devices

P. Chen, J. Xiang, H. Yu, J. zhang, G. Xie, S. Wu, X. Lu, G. Wang, J. Zhao, F. Wen, Z. Liu, R. Yang, D. Shi and G. Zhang* 2D Materials 2, 34009 (2015). 4. 石墨烯莫尔超晶格 卢晓波, 张广宇* , 物理学报(综述) 64, 077305 (2015). 3. Tunable Piezoresistivity of Nanographene Films for Strain Sensing

J. Zhao, G. Wang, R. Yang, X. Lu, M. Cheng, C. He, G. Xie, J. Meng, D. Shi and G. Zhang* ACS Nano 9, 1622 (2015).

2014 2. Observation of an intrinsic bandgap and Landau level renormalization in graphene/boron-nitride heterostructures

Z. Chen, Z. Shi, W. Yang, X. Lu, Y. Lai, H. Yan, F. Wang*, G. Zhang* and Z. Li* Nature Communications 5, 4461 (2014). 1. Gate-dependent pseudospin mixing in graphene/boron nitride moiré superlattices

Z. Shi#, C. Jin#, W. Yang, L. Ju, J. Horng, X. Lu, H. A.Bechtel, M. C. Martin, D. Fu, J. Wu, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, Y. Zhang, X. Bai, E. Wang, G. Zhang* and Feng Wang* Nature Physics 10,743 (2014). Patents

1. High resolution superconducting nano-calorimeter

Dmitri K. Efetov; Paul Seifert; Xiaobo Lu; José Durán; Petr Stepanov;

2021-05-13, US Patent , 17/091,368.

2. Superconducting nanowire single-photon detector, and a method for obtainingsuch detector

Dmitri K. Efetov; Xiaobo Lu; Aamir M Ali; Paul Seifert; José Durán;

2020-9-17, US Patent , 17/023,498.

3. 用于制备二维材料范德华异质结的真空转移设备

张广宇; 卢晓波; 时东霞; 杨蓉; 汤建;

2019-6, 中国专利, 201710315987 .X.